This is done by knowing the swarming season for your locale and by creating artificial swarms one week prior to this swarm season. Sounds like common sense i understand but please follow me through. It is typically known by the beekeepers in your area, so ask around and determine the time frame of the swarming season of the area. One week before that time, go through your hives and remove the older queen and the frame she is on along with another frame of capped brood with younger nurser bees upon these frames.
Insert these frames into a new hive body alongside two frames of honey reserves. Do not place the frames in the dead center of the hive but rather make these two newly removed frames be your 3rd and 4th frames from one of the outside edges, in a 10 frame hive body.
So in essence from left to right you have frames 1-4:
- frame of capped honey reserves
- frame of capped honey reserves and some pollen
- frame with Queen located upon it with fresh eggs and larva
- freshly capped frame of brood
Now, you may shake a few more bees from her old hive into the new hive. The frame of sealed brood will give birth to greater numbers within the hive as these nurser bees will be hatching soon and will tend to the larvae on the adjacent frame.
Now that you have that aspect covered, now it is time to focus on the old hive you removed that Queen from. Go through the frames ever so gently and look for 1-2 day old larva in a few of the cells. Once you have found about 5-6 cells with 1-2 day old larva, use your hive tool and make a depression into the bottom 1/3 of those individual cells. This manipulation to the wax in the region of those 1-2 day old larva will cause the honeybees in that hive to turn those larvae into queen cells.
This will almost always work if you indent the bottom 1/3 of the cells.
In about 4-5 days check to ensure they are drawing out queen cells, and reinsert the frames gently back into their respective places.
Do not tilt or turn the frames upside down that contain these Queen cells as that could potentially kill the larva. Once you have placed the frames back into the hive and installed the cover, do not open the hive for at the least.-20 days from that date.
keep all of your bees that rightfully belong to you and grow your apiary, not lose it